Soal Try Out Bahasa Inggris SBMPTN 2013 Kunci Jawaban II
On the other hand, stereotyping can create problem because it, researchers suggest, may result in racial discrimination. In its most overt form, racial discrimination occurs as we attribute the same negative characteristics to all members of a group, regardless of individual differences. It is usually based on misconceptions, incomplete information and/or false generalizations.
Researchers have found that stereotypes exist of different races, cultures, or ethnic groups and racial stereotypes always seem to favor the race of the holder, and belittle the others. In 1933, for example, Katz and Braly gave a list of 84 personality traits and asked American university students to pick out five or six traits which they thought were typical of each nationalities/ ethnic group. The result shows that there was considerable agreement in the traits selected. White americans, for example, were seen as industrious, progressive, and ambitious, while African Americans were seen lazy, ignorant, and musical.
In other research, Lowery examined just how readily people associate particular social groups with certain kinds of feelings. In a subliminal word-association exercise, black people’s faces were more quickly associated with negative words, while white faces were linked with postitive words.
Another research proves that even people who disavow prejudice can fall into racist traps. Since negative stereotypes about various racial groups bombard us everyday in the mass media , they deposit their residue deep into our minds. Even among the most well-intentioned and consciously egalitarian people, nonconscious association about ethnic groups still have an effect on behavior and attitudes.
1. The part proceeding the text above most likely discusses ...
A.The definition of race and racial discrimination.
B.The definition of stereotyping .
C.Previous research conducted on stereotyping.
D.The advantage of stereotyping .
E.The first hand.
2. Paragraph 1 of the text mainly discusses about ...
A.The problem caused by stereotyping
C.The definition of racial discrimination.
D.The overt form of discrimination
3. It can be inferred from the text that what we should do is ...
A.To avoid the use of stereotype.
B.To be aware of the disadvantage of stereotyping.
C.Not to practice prejudice and racial discrimination.
D.To fall into racist trap.
E.To have further research on stereotyping.
4. How is the information in the text organized?
A.Stereotype and racial discrimination are defined.
B.Problems of stereotyping are categorized.
C.Research findings about racial discrimination through stereotypes are described
D.Advantages and disadvantages of stereotyping are discussed.
E.The danger of negative stereotyping is elaborated.
5. The word ‘it’ in “...,It is usually based on misconceptions...” (line 4) refers to ...
1. D. The advantage of stereotyping
2. D. The advantage of stereotyping
3. B. To be aware of the disadvantage of stereotyping.
4. C. Research findings about racial discrimination through stereotypes are described
5. B. Racial discrimination.